fails to promote the autonomy of once-competent patients. Stevens C, Hassan. P.95.physicians did no better than chance alone in predicting the wishes of their patients. The proportion of instances that patients wanted the opposite of what their proxies predicted ranged from 24 for tube feeding to 50 for chemotherapy. Yet none showed a tendency toward improvement in these outcomes. 38 Early euthanasia movement in the United States Main article: Euthanasia in the United States Felix Adler, circa 1913, the first prominent American to argue for permitting suicide in cases of chronic illness The rise of the euthanasia movement in the United States coincided with. However, to the extent that it overrides patient choices and actions it is prima facie wrong, because acts on the patient's behalf are performed without or against hs or her behest. Cruzan: No Rights Violated. The judges said that if he had made a living will expressing his future wishes he could have been allowed to die in peace earlier. In a study carried out by Zweibel and Cassel, patients and proxies responded to five vignettes about elderly persons who required life-sustaining treatment for survival (i.e., ventilation, resuscitation, chemotherapy, amputation, and tube feeding but were unable to make health-care decisions.
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P.169 Although there are slippery-slope arguments that are sound and convincing, typical formulations of the Nazi-invoking argument are found to be seriously deficient both in logical rigour and in the social history and psychology required as a scholarly underpinning. This suggests that individuals who complete advance directives do so in the absence of adequate information. P.177 Patients can only make valid choices on the basis of shared information about diagnoses, prognoses and realistic treatment options. (1993 'Drafting a Living Will Exchange on Ageing Law and Ethics, 2(2 4-9. P.20 Medical advances, without which Tony Bland could never in any event have been kept alive, are not unalloyed bonuses, nor is practice value-free. DO people USE self-deliverance IN THE netherlands?