population). At home men have more power than women, and are supposed to make the major decisions. Each person has his or her own plate, spoon, fork, and knife. In rural areas, the main meal is after dark; in the urban areas it is often in late afternoon after office workers return home. Christians who work on this schedule attend church in the evenings, and make use of Friday for major gatherings. Nevertheless, tenants had learned to treat farmland as if they owned it, and after 1997 had to adjust to higher rents or the loss of the land.
The rate of divorce is declining, while the absolute number is increasing. Egyptians then practiced a form of recession agriculture, planting winter crops in the mud left behind by the receding river. Land is generally owned by private individuals in small holdings, with an average of about.5 acres (1 hectare).
Many members of these rural households work as agricultural laborers or outside agriculture, and it is probable that many of these households would not survive without the income from this work. Private Voluntary Organizations in Egypt: Islamic Development, Private Initiative, and State Control, 1994. Even low-income families try to educate their children as much as possible. Nongovernmental Organizations and Other Associations Egypt has a long tradition of voluntary associations. Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser emerged as the strongman of the new regime, and he became president in 1954. An overview shows a complex structured culture built on many influences. Folk painting of house walls is well-known in rural Egypt. The "soul" exists before birth and after death, while some of the other aspects disappear with death or only appear at death. Urban Egyptians generally decried this transformation of the village-scape as a blind emulation of urban lifestyles, and a change for the worse in the peasant character.