adviser who became disillusioned with the regime, between 20,000 and 30,000 former Viet Minh cadre were put into prison camps. . 418 DeBenedetti, An American Ordeal,. And in Armenia, a post-Soviet country at the intersection of conflicting geopolitical interests. Phoenix operatives from directly participating in field operations and officially changed their status from commander to adviser of Provisional Reconnaissance Units. In time, however, after reading about the history of Vietnam, he came to a different view. . 248; and Andrew Cockburn, Kill Chain: The Rise of the High Tech Assassins (New York: Henry Holt, 2015. Both the Johnson and Nixon administrations besmirched antiwar activism as support for the communist cause, if not actually being controlled by communists. . One villager was"d as saying that even under the French nothing so awful has ever occurred. . 595; and President Lyndon.
169 David Bressem, who flew with a reconnaissance unit to find the enemy, testified before a congressional committee in 1971: Anyone taking evasive action could be fired upon. . Backing, the Diem government proceeded to centralize power in its hands and repress or buy off political rivals. . 62 The Pentagon Papers, Vol. Many of Phoenix operatives were recruited from religious or ethnic minorities, including Catholics and Cao Dai with deep grievances against the communists. . He also led a Hill Center for World Studies "Empires Science" workshop at the Watson Institute, Brown University, in 2008. 301 One week later, the liberal peace organization, sane (National Committee for a sane Nuclear Policy delivered an 86-word petition to Washington officials, signed by 5,000 college educators, urging President Johnson to work for the neutralization of North and South Vietnam. .