very thorough appraisal of issues. Development of social and cultural programmes etc. Powers and Authorities: According to the Constitution, Panchayats shall be given powers and authority to function as institutions of self-government. Construction and maintenance of rural water supply schemes. The provisions of Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 extends Panchayats to the tribal areas of eight states, namely Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Rajasthan.
If and when such Grama Swaraj takes shape, Gandhiji said, it would be Rama Rajya Because of the vast area and size of our country Gandhiji and that a Central Government at Delhi alone would not be in a position to solve the problems. He prepares the budget of the Samiti and places it before the Samiti for approval.
Increasing awareness and participation of rural peoples for income generating and poverty eradication programmes, selection of beneficiaries for such programme. Officer is their Executive Officer, the Collectors powers of inspection, suspension and direction have been transferred to the Commissioner. The Act provided certain new advantages. The Panchayat Samiti was established to share the responsibility of Community Development at local level. In the event of supersession of panchayats elections were to be held within six months. Evidently this is the broadest representative base which exists in any democratic country of the world. Implementing and maintenance of rural electrification schemes. Zilla Parishad is mainly entrusted with coordinating and planning functions along with a few executive functions. Before we make an analytical appraisal of the Panchayati Raj in India, it is essential to explain political organisation of the three-tier system, commonly known as Democratic Decentralization or Panchayati Raj. The Twelfth Finance commission enhanced the sanctioned amount.
Despite sincere attempts on the part of present state governments even now their financial resources remain meagre. The Zilla Parishads, besides supervising Panchayati Samithis, had to look after roads and buildings, protected water supply, small irrigation, social welfare and secondary education. In his absence, ailment or disability during the interregnum caused by Pradhans removal or resignation, Up-Pradhan acts as Pradhan. Fixed grant from the State Government in proportion with the land revenue and money for works and schemes assigned to the Parishad. Thus, the formidable challenges to democracy necessitated a changed attitude to Panchayati Raj at higher levels as well. He can ask the Samiti or Parishad to consider any objection or information which he considers essential to be taken into account. He is to see to the proper utilization of funds by the Panchayat Samitis and their maintaining minimum standards of service.